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    大学英语B2183455.ppt

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    大学英语B2183455.ppt

    Learning the Olympic Standard for Love,,CONTENTS,B,E,,,,Lead-in,Pre-reading Activities,Text Study,Paragraph Writing,Summary,Lead-in,,,,,Listen to the song “Forever Friends” while enjoying the pictures.,The Olympic Games offer a way for man to surpass himself, and the essence of the Games lies in such spirits as follows The Olympic motto is “F____, H____, and S_____”. The Olympic Games help promote a better and more ______ world. The purpose of the Olympic Games is not the _____ but the struggle; not to have ______ but to have reached higher.,What are the Olympic spirits,随 笔,Tips,Tips,,The logo is designed in the form of The figure in the logo resembles The image carries the message that ,Tips,Tips,,What message does the logo for the Beijing 2008 Olympic Games convey,随 笔,Compound Dictation,背景知识,音頻讨论,For Details,随 笔,Directions You will hear a passage three times. When the passage is read for the second time, you are required to fill in the blanks numbered from S1 to S8 with the exact words you have just heard. For blanks numbered S9 to S11 you are required to fill in missing information. For these blanks, you can either use the exact words you have just heard or write down the main points in your own words. Now listen to the passage.,Compound Dictation,The Olympic Games are the greatest [S01] ______ of sport in the world. Every four years, a hundred or more countries send their best [S02] _________ to compete for the highest [S03] ______ in sport. As many as 6,000 people take part in over 20 sports. For the winners, there are gold medals and [S04] _____. But there is honor, too, for all who [S05] ________, win or lose, that is, in the spirit of Olympics, to take part is what [S06] _______.,festival,sportsmen,honors,glory,背景知识,音頻讨论,随 笔,compete,matters,Compound Dictation,The Olympic Games always start in a bright color and action. The teams of all the nations parade in the opening [S07] ________ and march round the track. The [S08] ______ is for the Greek team to march in first. For it was in Greece that the Olympics began. [S09] _______________________________________ __________________________________________.,ceremony,custom,背景知识,音頻讨论,随 笔,The team of the country where the Games are being heldthe host countrymarches in last,Compound Dictation,The runner with the Olympic torch then enters the stadium and lights the flame. [S10] ______________________________________________________________________________. The judges and officials also take an oath. [S11]________________________________________________________________________________.,A sportsman from the host country takes the Olympic oath on behalf of all the competitors,After the sportsmen march out of the stadium, the host country puts on a wonderful display,背景知识,音頻讨论,随 笔,Listen Discuss,Directions Listen to the speech from the Opening of Atlanta Olympic Games by Williams Porter Billy Payne and then discuss the topics as follows enclosed are the tape script .,2. What benefit can we get from the Olympic Games,What do the Olympic spirits mean to us,key,key,背景知识,复合听写,随 笔,What do the Olympic spirits mean to us ,Just as being “higher, faster and stronger” stands for the essence of the Olympic spirits, so do the Olympic spirits mean the courage of mankind moving towards its higher ideals without cease. They also convey a message of fair competition and better cooperation, which are indispensable for a world of,harmony and progress. With regard to fair competition, for example, our rival in business is like our adversary rather than enemy in the Games. His strategies for success give us nothing but strength, his will to win arouses our respect for him, and his fighting spirit ennobles our struggle. Although our aim is to,defeat him, our success does not follow that we will humiliate him; instead, we will honor him for the rare chance of our making progress. If our world, like the Olympic Games, is nurtured in such spirits, the community of nations will unite and thrive in peace.,返回,背景知识,复合听写,随 笔,For more,For more,For more,What benefit can we get from the Olympic Games ,We can benefit a lot from the Olympic Games. First of all, we should have our compass in life, just as an athlete has a higher goal to reach. In other words, we need to pursue our chosen path to be what we are now not yet .,But above all, we should learn from the spirit of the athletes who never give up trying. As proved in the Games, a champion is usually more vested with ideals of the Olympic spirit than the aim to win a gold medal. There have always been some excellent athletes who can win great honors for their motherlands.,返回,背景知识,复合听写,随 笔,But their fame is not simply built on how many gold medals they have won but on their unyielding will as the essence of Olympic spirits. It is their great personality that touches people throughout the world, since they have displayed not only unique skills in sports but a persistent personality that shines with the Olympic spirit .,For more,I. Understanding,The text is about the writer’s training experiences for Olympic Games with an ex-Soviet coach, through which the writer learned the Olympic standard for love.,Text StudyUnderstanding,Text StudyUnderstanding,Part I. First Meeting with Nikolai Para. 1-4,My impression and feelings about Nikolai,Nikolai’s high expectation of me,not half as intimidating as I had imagined;,nervous,“ for 2002 in Salt Lake City, you could be ready.”,Text StudyUnderstanding,Part II. the Olympic Standard of Love as Shown by Nikolai Para. 5-19,Nikolai in Daily Life,Nikolai in Training,Text StudyUnderstanding,Nikolai in Daily Life,Para. 5-9,General Statement I could always count on being encouraged by Nikolai’s amusing stories and sense of humor.,Supporting Details,“My friend , I practice ” “ 26 years old kiss ”,Conclusion an Olympic standard for love,consistent good humor, quiet gratitude, perceptivity, and sincerity,Text StudyUnderstanding,Nikolai in Daily Life,Para. 12-13,Supporting Details,He made breakfast and then made quick work With ; When I was rebellious, he never asked , nor ; He save his passion ,At a low-budget ski camp,Text StudyUnderstanding,Nikolai in Training,Para. 10-11,General Statement He never babied me.,Supporting Details,massive headache; quite fatigue; going to die,I ,Nikolai ,indifferent to my pain; ski, ski, ski.,Text StudyUnderstanding,Nikolai in Training,Para. 14-19,Supporting Details,a fourth-place national ranking heading into the pre-Olympic season,My achievement ,Nikolai , sing out his instructions keeping rhythm with our stride. the faster, the better. frown and say, ,Text StudyUnderstanding,Part III. Visiting Nikolai after Stopping Training Para. 20, had gained a lot from my quiet, indissoluble bond with my coach Nikolai.,I ,Nikolai , made me tea, and did the dishes,Text StudyUnderstanding,Part IV. Conclusion of the Whole Text Para. 21,Nikolai taught me to understand the Olympic standard for love to have __________, _____, _______________, and to have ________ in advance for a century of life on earth. I should remind myself every day that there must be love, love, love despite the __________at hand.,the courage,heart,discipline to persist,gratitude,challenges,Text StudyStructure Analysis,II. Structure Analysis,The Writing Method of the Passage,Narration Comment,Narration is storytelling. If a story is sharply detailed with certain comments, readers will be able to see and understand better just why the writer feels that way.,Text StudyStructure Analysis, but on one occasion, which we later learned was his 25th wedding anniversary, he stood proudly in a worn woolen sweater and smiled and whispered, Para. 8, His consistent good humor, quiet gratitude, perceptivity, and sincerity set an Olympic standard for love Para. 9,Narration,Comment,Text StudyStructure Analysis,Typical Expressions for Narrating,,In Unit 3 of Book 1, typical expressions for narration have been discussed and figured out. How about those in this text,but on one occasion One February day Once, When coaching Last Summer, ,Work in pairs. Find as many such expressions as you can in the text.,Text StudySummary,III. Summary,Nikolai was not that _________ as I expected. He set up an Olympic standard for ____ encouragement mingled with good _____, quiet _________,__________, and _________. In the hard training sessions, I could always count on being encouraged by his _______ stories and sense of humor. However, Nikolai never ______ me. When I was exhausted from the training, Nikolai was __________ to my pain and urged me to go on skiing.,intimidating,love,humor,gratitude,perceptivity,sincerity,amusing,babied,indifferent,Text StudySummary,III. Summary,When I stopped training, I revisited Nikolai, realizing that from my _____, ____________ ____ with Nikolai, I had gained a lot and known the Olympic standard for love to have the _______,_____, ________ to persist, and to have _______ in advance for a century of life on earth.,quiet,indissoluble,courage,heart,discipline,gratitude,bond,Text StudyReproduction,Work in groups to perform the following scenes in the text.,IV. Reproduction,Scene 1 First meeting with Nikolai Para.1-4 Scene 2 Indifference to my exhaustion from the hard training Para. 10-11 Scene 3 Being rebellious to Nikolai Para. 12-13,III. Correcting the Expressions,Words and Expressions Correction,Nikolai was not a native speaker of English, he couldn’t speak standard English. So in the text we could see now and then he used bad grammar. Let’s correct these expressions for him.,Nagano Olympics too soon for you, but for 2002 in Salt Lake City, you could be ready.,,Nagano Olympics is too soon for you, ,,Words and ExpressionsCorrection,2. I am practice, practice, practice in the stadium.,,I was practicing, practicing, practicing in the stadium.,,Words and ExpressionsCorrection,Words and ExpressionsCorrection,3. I am 26 years old before I ever kiss a girl She was the woman I later marry. .,I had been 26 years old before I ever kissed a girl She was the woman I later married.,4. Now must be ski, ski, ski. Now must be love, love, love.,Words and ExpressionsCorrection,Now, you must ski, ski, and ski. Now, you must love, love and love.,5. But the faster knee down, the better.,Words and ExpressionsCorrection,But the faster you knee down, the better you’ll ski.,6. Billion times you make motion then be perfect, You must be patient.,Words and ExpressionsCorrection,You must be patient and make the movement many times before it’ll be perfect.,Text Study,New Words,Text Reading,Main Ideas Structure,Learning the Olympic Standard for Love,Para. 1 Nikolai Petrovich Anikin was not half as intimidating as I had imagined he would be. No, this surely was not the ex-Soviet coach my father had shipped me out to meet. Para. 2 But Nikolai he was, Petrovich and all. He invited me inside and sat down on the couch, patting the blanket next to him to get me to sit next to him. I was so nervous in his presence.,词汇学习,课文分析,随 笔,句型,Para. 3 “You are young,” he began in his Russian-style English. “If you like to try for Olympic Games, I guess you will be able to do this. Nagano Olympics too soon for you, but for 2002 in Salt Lake City, you could be ready.” Para. 4 “Yes, why not” he replied to the shocked look on my face. I was a promising amateur skier, but by no means the top skier in the country. “Of course, there will be many hard training sessions, and you will cry, but you will improve.”,句型,词汇学习,课文分析,随 笔,Para. 5 To be sure, there were countless training sessions full of pain and more than a few tears, but in the five years that followed I could always count on being encouraged by Nikolai’s amusing stories and sense of humor.,句型,,词汇学习,课文分析,随 笔,Para. 6 “My friends, they go in the movies, they go in the dance, they go out with girls,” he would start. “But I,” he would continue, lowering his voice, “I am practice, practice, practice in the stadium. And by the next year, I had cut 1-1/2 minutes off my time in the 15-kilometer race” Para. 7 “My friends asked me, ‘Nikolai, how did you do it’ And I replied, ‘You go in the movies, you go in the dance, you go out with girls, but I am practice, practice, practice.’ ”,词汇学习,课文分析,随 笔,Para. 8 Here the story usually ended, but on one occasion, which we later learned was his twenty-fifth wedding anniversary, he stood proudly in a worn woolen sweater and smiled and whispered, “And I tell you, I am 26 years old before I ever kiss a girl She was the woman I later marry.”,,词汇学习,课文分析,随 笔,Para. 9 Romantic and otherwise, Nikolai knew love. His consistent good humor, quiet gratitude, perceptivity, and sincerity set an Olympic standard for love that I continue to reach for, even though my skiing days are over.,句型,,词汇学习,课文分析,随 笔,Para. 10 Still, he never babied me. One February day I had a massive headache and felt quite fatigued. I came upon him in a clearing, and after approximately 15 minutes of striding into the cold breeze over the white powder to catch him, I fussed, “Oh, Nikolai, I feel like I am going to die.”,,词汇学习,课文分析,随 笔,Para. 11 “When you are a hundred years old, everybody dies,” he said, indifferent to my pain. “But now,” he continued firmly. “Now must be ski, ski, ski.”,,,,,词汇学习,课文分析,随 笔,Para. 12 And, on skis, I did what he said. On other matters, though, I was rebellious. Once, he packed 10 of us into a Finnish bachelor’s tiny home for a low-budget ski camp. We awoke the first morning to find Nikolai making breakfast and then made quick work with our spoons while sitting on makeshift chairs around a tiny card table. When we were finished, Nikolai stacked the sticky bowls in front of my sole female teammate and me, asserting, “Now, girls do dishes”,句型,词汇学习,课文分析,随 笔,Para. 13 I threw my napkin on the floor and swore at him, “Ask the damn boys This is unfair.” He never asked this of me again, nor did he take much notice of my outburst. He saved his passion for skiing. Para. 14 When coaching, he would sing out his instructions keeping rhythm with our stride “Yes, yes, one-two-three, one-two-three.” A dear lady friend of my grandfather, after viewing a copy of a video of me training with Nikolai, asked, “Does he also teach dance”,句型,词汇学习,课文分析,随 笔,,Para. 15 In training, I worked without rest to correct mistakes that Nikolai pointed out and I asked after each pass if it was better. Para. 16 “Yes, it’s OK. But the faster knee down, the better.” Para. 17 “But is it fast enough” I’d persist.,,,词汇学习,课文分析,随 笔,Para. 18 Finally he would frown and say, “Billion times you make motionthen be perfect,” reminding me in an I’ve-told-you-a-billion-times tone, “You must be patient.” Para. 19 Nikolai’s patience and my hard work earned me a fourth-place national ranking heading into the pre-Olympic season, but then I missed the cut for the 2002 Olympics.,,词汇学习,课文分析,随 笔,Para

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